What’s likely ahead for energy and the economy?
Economically speaking, this has been called a crisis of mobility, says Hyzy. “We’re not traveling to work, to hotels, to restaurants or on business trips.” Recovery for the oil industry and the broader economy hinges on when governments and individuals decide that it’s safe to start moving again, he adds. Hyzy outlines three possible scenarios below:
- The health crisis eases to the extent that stay-at-home restrictions can be lifted for many Americans in May. If so, consumer confidence and oil demand could return to pre-coronavirus levels by 2021.
- Even as the health crisis eases, people’s behavior may fundamentally change. “It could be that we’ve all gotten used to less travel, and demand is reset at a lower level,” Hyzy says. Recovery, then, could be lower and slower.
- A third scenario—and the riskiest, in Hyzy’s view—is that when people begin to move freely again the virus returns with a vengeance, resulting in a series of “rolling lockdowns.” The unpredictability of that scenario, and the damage to consumers, could stall hopes of a recovery for an extended time, he says.
To ease the current historic glut, oil producers are likely to shut down supply for May and June, Hyzy believes. In the months to come, oil prices will have to climb back to about $50 per barrel to at least cover the cost of production, he says. That could happen either through renewed demand or, if recovery stalls, through industry consolidation, as many smaller producers are forced out of the market.
What can investors consider?
We anticipate an extended period of recurring volatility as declining oil prices and other economic impacts of the coronavirus resolve themselves, says Hyzy. With so much uncertainty regarding both the health crisis and the economy, he suggests maintaining a portfolio diversified both across and within multiple asset classes. He also recommends focusing on high-quality investments, particularly in large U.S. companies that pay dividends, and on rebalancing to make sure portfolios stay invested towards long-term goals.